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Effects of melting parameters and quartz purity on silica glass crucible produced by arc method



We have investigated the effect of hydroxyl (OH) content in fused silica crucible on the scintillation and optical properties of the CsI single crystal, but not limited to, grown by Bridgman technique. For the purpose, 0.1 mol% Tl doped CsI single crystals were grown in crucibles made from fused silica of different grades with OH content varying from 20 ppm to 200 ppm. Silica glass of crucibles was characterized by FTIR and UV–VIS-NIR spectroscopy for the estimation of OH content. Grown crystals were tested for their scintillation performance and a correlation between OH content in silica glass and crystal quality is established. The possibility of 'OH' out-diffusion from silica crucible into the melt at higher temperature was further established by temperature dependent study of outgassing from silica crucible by residual gas analyzer (RGA). Further, an optimized process for silica crucible annealing to remove OH (

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